ABOUT Algeria

About Algeria

Official Name: People´s Democratic Republic of Algeria

Shape of the State: Republic

National anthem: Qassamen

President: H.E.M. Abdelaziz Bouteflika

Capital: Algiers

Main Cities: Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Ghardaïa, Tlemcen, Ouargla, Setif, Batna, Beja¡a, Mostaganem, Tizi Ouzou, Biskra

Administrative Organization:
48 Wilayas (Provinces), 535 Daïras (Sub-Prefectures), 1541 Communes (Municipalities)

Area: 2, 381, 741 km2

Neighboring Countries: Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Western Sahara, Morocco

Climate: A Mediterranean climate in North, a semi-arid climate in Highlands, desert climate in the South

Time Zone: GMT+1

Official Languages: Arabic, Tamazight

Telephone code: + 213

National code of domains: DZ

Religion: Islam

Currency: Algerian Dinar (DZD)

Population: 40.4 million inhabitants

Average density: 16.08 inhabitants/km2

Life expectancy:
Men: 75.12 years
Women: 77.72 years

Population distribution by age:
Less than 19 years: 39%
Between 19 and 64 years: 56%
More than 65 years: 5%

Working days: Sunday to Thursday

Legal Holidays:

1- National Holidays:
- Day of Independence (July 5th)
- National Day: November 1st (Launching of Liberation War in 1954)

2- Civil Holidays:
- Labor Day (May 1st)
- New Year´s Day (January 1st)

3- Religious holidays:
- Aïd-El-Fitr (2 days)
- Aïd-El-Adha (2 days)
- Awwal Muharram
- Ashura
- El Mawlid en-Nabawi