Independence and Reconstruction

Algeria officially acceded to its independence on July 5, 1962 at the cost of heavy sacrifices made by its people throughout 132 years of French occupation of settlement, of exploitation, of oppression and of ongoing attempts to erase the cultural identity. The hardships and difficult trials that the Algerian people experienced during this occupation have inevitably defined a social character to the Algerian state.

The Algerian people have always considered that their own freedom can not be fully affirmed without the full liberation of the African continent. That is why since its independence, Algeria has been mobilized to provide its effective support, in all kinds, to all liberation movements throughout the world and particularly in Africa.

This is how Amilcar Cabral, leader of the Liberation Movement of Guinea Bissau called Algeria „The Makah-Place of pilgrimage of the liberation movements“. As an example, some highlights will remain in the history of Africa:

Nelson Mandela received his first military training in the Maquis of the Algerian resistance;
The first weapons that were used to launch the liberation struggle in Namibia by SWAPO and Mozambique by the FRELIMO were Algerian weapons.
In 1962, Algeria immediately affirmed the need to consolidate liberation through national edification, assigning this work to young national elite enjoying a strong historical and revolutionary legitimacy grouped within a Unique Party „FLN“ and adopting the model of the directed economy to carry the hopes of the nation that has just recovered its independence.
This choice reflects the soul of an old nation that has, each time through the millennia, overcome the tragedies and vicissitudes of history and continues the realization of its destiny of dignity and greatness.
The challenges identified have led to achievements equal to the aspirations of the Algerian people, with the values of social justice. These achievements, like the nationalizations of hydrocarbons, literacy efforts, public and free access to health and education, infrastructure construction, access to housing and work are the consequences of the adopted policies.